Understanding AS9100D

AS9100D

 

Salco is thrilled to have received the AS9100D certification in February 2019. This latest certification applies to our Denver facility. It symbolizes Salco's dedication to continuous improvement and the desire to exceed any customer quality expectations.

What is AS9100?

The term AS9100 is an aerospace Quality Management System (QMS) standard. This is based on the international QMS standard ISO 9001 and provides additional requirements directly specific to the aerospace industry.

This sector is governed by the FAA, space, and defense regulations. Having an AS9100 QMS, it is used to help businesses adapt to the evolving needs and demanding requirements put in place by the aerospace industry.

Not only does it provide a needed framework for businesses to operate by, but it also provides your customers with confidence about the quality and reliability of the products they purchase from your company.

What is AS9100 Rev D?

The international QMS standards are updated often in order to stay relevant to the industry needs and also adapts to emerging trends. The most recent update that went from Rev C to Rev D of the AS9100 was released back in September 2016, and companies were given until September 2018 to transition to the new Rev D standard.

The revision also coincides with the AS9100 standard's newest revision of ISO 9001 released back in 2015. The current version of AS9100 Rev D emphasizes companies creating value for their customers by integrating the QMS requirements into their business processes.

In this latest update, the major revision areas pertain to product safety, risk management, counterfeit prevention, configuration management, and human factors.

Salco's commitment to quality

Salco was first added to the AS9100 certification, and it's the list of quality certifications back in 2007 to help support the dynamic needs of the aerospace industry and the customers served, like Boeing.

Salco underwent an extensive upgrade audit at its manufacturing location to obtain the AS9100 Rev D certification. Conforming to the new revision of the AS9100D represents our compliance with the most current requirements based on the aerospace standards.

Conformance to these standards in place helps to ensure that Salco maintains the highest quality products and process control in our manufacturing facility.

The AS9100d standard also includes the ISO 9001, the quality management system requirements that define additional aviation, defense, and space industry requirements, descriptions, and notes.

The requirements are specified in the standards and are complementary (not alternative) to the customer and applicable statutory and regulatory requirements.

If there becomes a conflict between the customer and the standard's requirements, the regulatory requirements, or the applicable statutory, the latter shall take precedence.

The International Standard is set to layout the requirements for a quality management system and is defended as when an organization:

a. needs to show its ability to consistently provide products and services designed to meet the customer and any applicable statutory and or any regulatory requirements, and

b. aims to increase the overall customer satisfaction through a practical application system; this includes improving the system and the assurance of conformity regarding the customer and applicable statutory and any regulatory requirements.

The requirements of the International Standards are designed to be generic and are intended to be applied within any organization, regardless of its size or type of products or services they provide.

What Exactly is Metrology

Metrology is defined by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM) as “the science of measurement, embracing both experimental and theoretical determinations at any level of uncertainty in any field of science and technology”.

Metrology is how companies guarantee certain comparisons of global measurement results. As an example, metrology is used to help ensure that the parts in the vehicles we drive are accurately and precisely measured, manufactured, and assembled despite the different manufacturing processes language barriers, and measurement systems (such as US and metric) that are used by the manufacturers.

Metrology also incorporates precision measuring tools like the coordinate measuring machines (CMMs) also the precision measurement sensors.

Globally Standardizing Precision Machined Parts
Today’s global supply chains are using the international measuring standards to help precisely manufacture, distribution, and assembly machined parts through out the world.

All different types of factories from different countries can precisely machine identical parts from CAD or drawings. Each manufacturer’s measuring instrument is calibrated with the same specific thresholds.

These calibrations are designed to ensure that all of the parts created will fit together and work as they were intended to. After the calibration phase is over, the production machines are then set and the quality assurance and controls are confirmed.

Types of Metrology Equipment
A coordinate measuring machine is a system that measures the testing product by combining a probe with the coordinate system to measure the geometric physical points of the product.

In addition to accurate measurements, CMMs have the advantage of providing real-time information on the condition of the manufacturing process to the CMM operator. All global CMMs must comply with the ISO 10360 international measurement standards and can be controlled by either an operator or a computer. Five major types of CMMs are used in today’s metrology:

Cantilever:
This is used primarily for measuring master parts.

Bridge:
Most popular with digitizing and scanning jobs for the mold, stamping, and machining markets.

Gantry:
Used for measuring heavy, large parts such as large dies and molds.

Horizontal Arm:
This is used to measure parts in industries such as defense, aerospace, and appliances.

Portable (PCMM):
Handheld 3D and geometric tolerance and dimensioning measurements which can also be ISO 10360-certified.

Touch-trigger:
Touch-trigger probes are the most commonly used type of probe in metrology because they remove touch bias and can be used with computer control.

There are also two major groupings of probes: contact and non-contact. Contact or tactile probes include:

Hand Probes:
Hand probes are designed to measure curved surfaces, but one must watch out for tactile differences that can be caused by the operators.

Touch-Trigger Probes:
This is the most popular type of probes. It simply removes touch bias and can be used by direct computer control.

Analog Probes:
Use CAS technology to measure irregular shapes and contorted surfaces, like sheet metal. Non-contact probes are used for large, complex geometric, flexible parts. They include:

Laser Probes:
Laser probes are a triangulation with a beam of light designed for high-speed component measurements.

Vision Probes:
Vision Probes are designed for high-speed measurements of small, 2D parts with images taken from a camera.

As previously noted, manufacturers from all over the world need to meet or exceed the set specified tolerances of each item tested so they will fit and work exactly as they were designed to.

This quality assurance covers components manufactured from medical devices to rocket engines and everything in-between. In fact, precision measurement technology is used to ensure the quality assurance of measurements up to one-thousandth of a millimeter.